The world of insects is filled with amazing insects that will blow your mind. Among those insects, one of our very favorites is the amazing mosquito! Even though the people usually do not like this insect because it can give you some headache and pestering, at the same time if you are a bug enthusiast, and if you would like to learn more about insects and mosquitos, you have come to the right place! Read all the interesting and amazing facts about mosquitos right here!
What Are Mosquitoes?
We all know that these insects can be quite annoying, but what you may not know is that mosquitoes belong to the family Culicidae. They are ectoparasites, which means that they use their tube-like mouthparts to suck blood from hosts. The name for this insect is derived from Spanish, and it means a little fly. There are thousands of species that mosquitoes thrive off and feed. Those are mainly vertebrates, which means not just mammals, but also birds, reptiles, amphibians and even some fish. In addition to that, they can also spread diseases. From malaria, yellow fever, to Chikungunya and West Nile virus – mosquitoes are not quite harmless. They can also give hosts Zika virus, as well as dengue fever and filariasis. This fact alone makes it one of the deadliest insect in the world.
Their Life Cycle
Just like other flies in the same family, mosquitoes too go through the developmental stage that takes place in four stages during their lifecycle. The first stage is of course egg, followed by larva stage, pupa and imago or adult. The majority of adult females will lay their eggs somewhere near the water, which also means that mosquitoes thrive in aquatic areas. They can be found around rivers, lakes, marshes and even in salt-marshes. Some species will breed in rainwater even, as well as salt water. The first three stages in their development usually last from five to fourteen days or even 40 days, depending on the temperature the mosquitoes in this time reach adulthood. They usually mate a few days in their adulthood, and typically males only live for 5 to 7 days, feeding on sugar and nectar. Females are the ones who thrive on the blood of hosts.
They need to obtain a full blood meal to develop eggs, and the process takes two or three days. Once the eggs are developed the female seeks a new host. The females live significantly longer than males. They repeat this cycle until their death. Female mosquitoes live over a month in captivity, but in nature, they survive for one or two weeks. Their lifespan is influenced by the temperature and the humidity, as much as it is the ability to find a host and obtain a blood meal, while at the same time avoiding predators and defenses. Their bodies are designed in such a way that they can fend off defenses and find a host successfully.